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A Guide to the Major Cannabis Terpenes – Part 2

By October 18, 2017 January 4th, 2019 No Comments

Continuing on from part 1, these are the other major terpenes found in cannabis. They have known benefits. Regardless of the source of the terpene, the same benefits exist, so those found naturally in food, vegetation and trees are just as beneficial. For your ailments, it is ideal to seek out cannabis products or strains that contain the terpenes your body needs.

Linalool

Linalool provides a floral aroma to cannabis and many flowers/spices. It is commonly found in lavender, an aroma known for its ability to reduce stress. Essential oil, lotions and oil for diffusers often contain linalool. This terpene helps with more than just reducing stress; it has powerful liver cancer cell viability decreasing properties. What this means is that it may help stop the cells from replicating.

Linalool is found in:

  • Lavender
  • Coriander
  • Jasmine
  • Citrus fruit peels
  • Cinnamon
  • Some varieties of thyme
  • Laurel plants
  • Jasmine
  • Bergamot
  • Rosewood
  • Mint

Linalool has been studied dozens of times. Those studies suggest that linalool has multiple therapeutic benefits.

The therapeutic benefits of linalool include:

  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Analgesic
  • Anti-epileptic
  • Sedative
  • Anti-anxiety
  • Antidepressant
  • Antifungal

You may notice that linalool is a common ingredient in essential oil products that claim to help promote a better night’s sleep and reduce arthritis joint pain. If you make your own cannabis infused products, consider adding in some linalool for extra therapeutic relief.

Strains high in linalool include:

  • Master Kush
  • Lavender
  • LA Confidential
  • OG Shark
  • Pink Kush
  • Amnesia Haze

If these strains are not available in your local market, consider asking management at your favorite dispensary for these strains. The grower may just oblige a customer request.

Recent research suggests that linalool may also help fight opioid addiction. It is ideal to find linalool when THC, CBD, CBC and CBN are also present. This may be an ideal recipe for combatting opioid addiction and dependency. This is because this terpene’s research indicates that it could be a great natural painkiller.

Limonene

Limonene is used in several medication formulas. Some uses include weight loss, treatment and prevention of cancer, and to treat bronchitis. The bronchodilator properties of limonene may help those with allergies where congestion is a factor, as well as the common cold or flu. It has not been mentioned as an aid to reducing asthma symptoms, but may help in some degree and should not be the only remedy in these situations.

Fun Fact: Limonene is also used in some cleaners and fragrances just for its pleasant aroma.

Limonene’s therapeutic benefits:

  • Anti-allergy agent
  • Mood stabilizer/depression
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Anti-proliferative
  • Anxiolytic
  • Immunostimulant
  • Anti-carcinogenic
  • Chemotherapeutic agent
  • Liver health
  • Antifungal
  • Antibacterial
  • Increases absorption of other terpenes in topical applications

The ability of limonene to help the skin absorb terpenes is why it is often an ingredient in some lotions, cannabis-based topical salves/rubs and some medicated ointment formulas. If depression is your nemesis, limonene may be its kryptonite.

Limonene is found in:

  • Lemon and lime peel and pulp
  • Oranges
  • Spearmint
  • Black pepper
  • Mandarin oranges
  • Grapefruit
  • Tangerines
  • Caraway
  • Celery
  • Fennel
  • Conifer tree/bushes
  • California walnuts and pistachios
  • Caraway
  • Dill
  • Cardamom

Chances are that you’re eating several of these foods regularly, so you are giving your body small doses of limonene. It should be mentioned, however, that you should speak with your doctor before ingesting bigger amounts of limonene as it can react negatively with some medications including Coumadin, Meloxicam and Ibuprofen.

Strains that include higher concentrations of limonene include:

  • Super Lemon Haze – Sativa that may leave you feeling a little dizzy
  • Durban Poison – Ideal sativa if you’re also diabetic
  • SFV OG
  • Jack Herer
  • Berry White – powerful indica for those with too much stress in their lives
  • OG Kush
  • Sour Diesel
  • Jack the Ripper

Some of these strains are widely available in multiple markets. If you’re a chronic pain sufferer that doesn’t want to sleep all day (like me), give Sour Diesel a try. It helps several ailments but is powerful, so only a few hits at a time until you get the hang of this strain. It’s not for the new cannabis user – then again, neither are Super Lemon Haze, Barry White or Jack the Ripper.

Terpineol

Terpineol doesn’t get the attention it deserves. It’s an important terpene that shouldn’t be ignored. If you have a weak immune system or autoimmune disease, pay close attention to the benefits included here. It can be found in over 150 plants, cannabis included. It also has a high boiling point of 424-degrees, so it is ideal for use in teas, lotions, soaps, concentrates and perfumes.

Terpineol is found in:

  • Lilacs
  • Pine trees
  • Eucalyptus sap
  • Lime blossoms
  • Sage
  • Rosemary
  • Oregano
  • Lemon peel
  • Cajuput oil – common ingredient in topical salves and rubs
  • Marjoram
  • Pine trees

Fun Fact: Terpineol can be created from alpha-pinene. They’re cousins. So, if you have a cannabis strain that has high concentrations of alpha-pinene, you may be ahead of the game.

This terpene has multiple health benefits with one of the most important being the ability to kill tumors. Multiple studies have concluded that terpineol has the potential to stop cancer growth and kill existing tumors.

Other therapeutic benefits of terpineol include:

  • Sedative
  • Anticonvulsant
  • Analgesic
  • Gastroprotective
  • Antiviral
  • Relaxant
  • Anxiolytic
  • Antimalarial
  • Antibacterial
  • Anti-proliferative/anti-cancer/anti-tumor
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Antibiotic
  • Antioxidant

While you may not be able to treat your symptoms completely with terpineol, it may help your cannabis regimen and/or any other medications you are taking to work more efficiently.

Fun Fact: When alpha-pinene and terpineol are both present in a cannabis strain you’re more likely to experience “couchlock”.

Cannabis strains including terpineol:

  • Jack Herer
  • OG Kush
  • Girl Scout Cookies (often displayed as GSC, Cookies or grower-named cookies variety)
  • White Widow

Terpineol can present as several different aromas. Most commonly, it resembles lilac aromas but can also smell like apple blossoms, cloves or citrus. Cannabis strains may have minty or licorice-like flavors if they contain terpineol.

Nerolidol

Nerolidol isn’t mentioned much in the cannabis industry either. It’s therapeutic potential deserves a bit of discussion. It is used in some makeup products, lotions and other topical medications as it helps the skin absorb what’s applied to it. It is also a valuable terpene for those with gastrointestinal troubles and those with odd viruses.

Nerolidol is commonly found in:

  • Ginger
  • Lavender
  • Citronella
  • Lemongrass
  • Jasmine
  • Tea tree

This is why you may feel a bit relaxed after eating a meal that has a lot of ginger or lemongrass in it. You’re probably not getting much nerolidol from foods since these aren’t items that are part of everyone’s diet. Those that eat a more diverse diet, including fresh foods, are more likely to experience these ingredients.

Therapeutic benefits of nerolidol:

  • Transdermal enhancer
  • Sedative
  • Antiparasitic
  • Antimalarial
  • Skin penetration
  • Combats Leishmaniasis
  • Antifungal
  • Anti-ulcer
  • Dilates lung capillaries

In terms of dilating lung capillaries, nerolidol may help reduce your risk for blood clots, difficulty breathing and may help remedy congestion by allowing more air to be inhaled. For those with clotting disorders and/or high blood pressure issues, nerolidol may help your body to relax so that these risks are less.

Strains that contain nerolidol include:

  • Skywalker OG
  • Island Sweet Skunk
  • Jack Herer
  • Banana Kush
  • SFV OG
  • Strains with Mango lineage

If you want to get some nerolidol into your body but don’t want to fall asleep, seek out Jack Herer and Island Sweet Skunk. Both are sativas that will relax you without putting you to sleep. For a good night’s sleep, look for Banana Kush or Skywalker OG.

Closing Thoughts

We hope that these guides have opened your eyes to the importance of terpenes. Using cannabis for medicinal purposes is about more than just THC and CBD; your body needs terpenes and the other cannabinoids of each unique strain. Without terpenes and complementing cannabinoids, the potential medical benefit of cannabis decreases. If you have any questions about combining different terpenes or finding the right concentrations of terpenes for you, please don’t hesitate to reach out.

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