14 Jan Glossary of CBD Terms
CBD terms can be confusing – especially since we’ve been told for so long that cannabis is bad. But, most CBD products on the market today are derived from hemp. Yes, hemp does contain some THC, but it isn’t enough to induce intoxication. In our glossary of CBD terms, we’ll help you understand the language of the industry in simpler terms.
Our Complete List of CBD Terms
Below we will breakdown all of the CBD terms you’ve been trying to figure out. Knowing what these terms mean will help you better understand what you’re reading.
An analgesic is a compound, medication or drug that is designed to target pain. The compound works within the peripheral and central nervous systems. Some scientific data supports the use of CBD in regards to inflammation and chronic pain. Examples of analgesics include Tylenol, ibuprofen, opioids and other narcotics.
Anandamide is known as the “bliss molecule”. It helps regulate your mood. It’s one of the important CBD terms because research supports claims that CBD may increase anandamide levels. More extensive research is underway. Those that experience depression may be lacking anandamide production in their bodies.
Anorectic refers a medication prescribed to reduce appetites. It is suggested that CBD has anorectic properties. Other terms associated with anorectics are: appetite suppressants, anorexigens and anorexics. Diet pills are anorectics.
This classification of drugs is also known as anticonvulsants. These drugs are designed to aid those with forms of epilepsy. Some can also have an effect on mood. Some anti-epileptic drugs are also used to treat bipolar disorder or borderline personality disorder.
Phase I clinical trials have been conducted on CBD in regards to reducing seizures. The FDA recently approved a CBD-based medication called Epidiolex for the treatment of Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome – two forms of intractable epilepsy.
Inflammation is common in those with arthritis and other chronic ailments. In arthritis, the joints are affected by inflammation making them stiff and movements become difficult. CBD may support inflammation reduction and symptoms associated with chronic inflammatory disorders.
A common anti-inflammatory drug is ibuprofen. Anti-inflammatory medications work to reduce inflammation throughout the body.
Insomnia refers to the inability to sleep. Anti-insomnia medications (also known as sleep aids) are often prescribed to help you fall asleep faster and achieve a full night’s sleep. Insomnia interrupts the various stages of sleep. The effects of insomnia can be short or long-term.
Some study data indicates that CBD may support those with insomnia. Anecdotal information from CBD users suggests that a better night’s sleep may be possible.
Ischemia refers to restrictions of blood supply to tissues. It inhibits oxygen flow to allow cells to metabolize properly. It is common to see ischemia in those with coronary artery disease.
Some research points to CBD as a potential option for cardiovascular ailments due to its anti-ischemic properties.
Psychosis is a condition where hallucinations, delusions and paranoia are present. Conditions surrounding psychosis are bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Antipsychotic medications are prescribed to reverse these effects. Some data leads to CBD as a potential option for aiding symptoms of psychosis.
Spasms can occur in the bladder, stomach, intestines and other parts of the body. Antispasmodic medications are prescribed to control muscle spasms. Recent data points to CBD as having potential antispasmodic properties.
When you see the word antibacterial, you may automatically think – hand soap. In medicine, antibacterial medications are antibiotics. Their job is to stop bacteria growth and/or kill bacteria.
CBD may possess antibacterial properties, according to some research.
Depression affects millions of people. It often stems from trauma, stress and chemical imbalances. Some antidepressant medications are used to treat other conditions such as neuropathic pain, dysmenorrhea, ADHD, ADD, migraines and a host of other ailments. These conditions are often associated with low anandamide production.
CBD may support an improved mood, more even moods and/or an increase of anandamide levels in the brain.
Diabetics are diagnosed with either Type I or Type 2 diabetes. In Type I diabetes, the body is incapable of making its own insulin. With Type 2 diabetes, some insulin is produced, but it is not enough. Medications are taken to maintain stable blood glucose levels. Insulin is used by Type I diabetics. Most Type 2 diabetics do well with oral medications and maintaining a properly balanced diet.
Research is taking place to determine the efficacy of CBD for supporting symptoms of diabetes.
Antiemetic medications treat nausea and vomiting. Common medications in this category are Zofran and Phenergan. Some data suggests that CBD may be an effective option for its antiemetic properties.
Antifungal drugs are used to prevent fungal conditions including athlete’s foot, thrush, cryptococcal meningitis and ringworm. Some studies indicate that CBD has antifungal properties.
Psoriasis is a topical skin condition where areas of the skin, usually on the extremities, are red, inflamed and flaky. This causes itching, irritation and increased stress. Anti-psoriatic topical medications are typically used to calm the symptoms of psoriasis. Increased stress may lead to a flare-up. Patches of psoriasis are often visible and may cause a person to feel embarrassed in public and have low self-esteem.
Multiple studies suggest that CBD may aid in reducing symptoms and topical inflammation.
Anxiety is treated with anxiolytic drugs. Some forms of anxiety are PTSD, social anxiety and general anxiety disorder. Anxiety often stems from a lack of anandamide. Science leads to CBD having the potential to aid in increasing anandamide levels in the brain.
When something can have more than one effect based upon varying doses, it is biphasic. Different doses of CBD may have different results, such as a larger dose of CBD may result in sleepiness.
Broad spectrum is one of the newer CBD terms of importance. It refers to CBD oil that either begins as a full spectrum oil or CBD isolate and has terpenes added to it. Broad spectrum CBD oil from isolate contains no THC and cannot produce the entourage effect.
The CBD oil that Canna Trading Co. uses is broad spectrum containing less than 0.3% THC.
Cannabidiol is the primary cannabinoid found in hemp and the 2nd most abundant cannabinoid in cannabis. It is often abbreviated to just CBD to help the term be easier to use, search and understand. This cannabinoid is not intoxicating, meaning that no “high” is felt.
It is a phytocannabinoid. This means that it is a cannabinoid that plants produce.
Cannabinoids are the compounds found in cannabis and hemp plants. The body produces its own version, called endocannabinoids. The job of cannabinoids in the body is to help regulate the endocannabinoid system to maintain homeostasis (balance). Some of the cannabinoids that you may be familiar with are THC, CBD, CBN, CBG and CBC.
Cannabis is included in our list of CBD terms because cannabis plants do contain CBD. The cannabis plant family includes cannabis (marijuana) and hemp. The phytocannabinoids within the different strains work to mirror the signaling duties of molecules called endocannabinoids. These cannabinoids work with the endocannabinoid system, again – to create balance.
Cannabinoid receptors are found throughout the body. CB1 receptors are found mainly in the spinal cord and brain. CB2 receptors are primarily located in the immune system and major organs. These receptors work with the endocannabinoid system to promote proper signaling and balance.
CBD oil is one of the most important CBD terms to understand. CBD oil is extracted from hemp and cannabis plants. Raw CBD oil (sometimes referred to as extract) is unpleasant in flavor. Refining processes take place to remove unwanted plant matter, chlorophyll and other unwanted impurities.
CBDa is the unheated, acid form of cannabidiol. This is one of the CBD terms that may be confusing. When CBDa is heated, or decarboxylated, it converts to CBD. CBDa is not intoxicating.
There are two forms of CBD capsules – gelcap and hard capsule. In gelcaps, a natural capsule is filled with CBD oil. In hard capsules, such as those offered here at Canna Trading Co., the CBD oil is dried first. When the CBD oil is dried it can be easier to digest.
CBD concentrate is one of the broadest CBD terms because concentrates can take on several forms. Concentrates are often called wax, but can also be vape products. The amount of CBD is heavily concentrated. In these products, the amount of CBD is often much higher than in other products.
Some of the most common CBD concentrates are wax, budder and crumble.
Raw CBD extract undergoes a distillation process which removes waxes and unwanted compounds found in the raw product. The result is a high concentration of CBD. This is a form of CBD concentrate.
When a product is fortified or infused with CBD, it is CBD enriched. Some edibles manufacturers may refer to their products being CBD enriched.
CBD isolate is one of the more common CBD terms. This form of CBD is the most refined. It undergoes the most refinement and distillation to remove all of the natural compounds of the raw extract except CBD.
CBD isolate is considered to be inferior to broad spectrum and full spectrum. The entourage effect is not possible with isolate.
CBD-rich is simply explained as the essential extract from hemp plants. Some high-CBD, low-THC cannabis strains may also be classified as CBD-rich.
Cannabidivarin (CBDv) is another non-intoxicating cannabinoid. It is found in many cannabis strains. This cannabinoid is often categorized as a non-psychotropic cannabinoid. It may be close to CBD in therapeutic value in regards to reducing nausea.
Decarboxylation is the process of heating cannabinoids to activate them. This process is suggested for every application of making edibles – even if you make them yourself. An example of decarboxylation is the conversion of CBDa to CBD.
This is one of the CBD terms that seems quite confusing, but it’s actually very simple.
Edibles in the cannabis and hemp industry refer to consumable products that are infused with CBD and/or THC. Baked goods and hard candies are two of the most common types of edibles. Smokeable forms of medical cannabis are not ideal for all medical cannabis patients. Edibles offer a better delivery method for many, especially children and elders that use CBD over THC.
Endocannabinoids refer to cannabinoids naturally produced in the human body. Their purpose is to work with the endocannabinoid system to help maintain homeostasis in the body.
Endocannabinoid System (ECS)
The endocannabinoid system is present in all mammals. This system works with the central and peripheral nervous systems to help maintain proper function and signaling procedures. Cannabinoid receptors throughout the body are associated with aiding the ECS with maintaining balance. Some of the major systems of the body that work with the endocannabinoid system include the digestive system, memory, immune system, inflammatory response system and mood.
The entourage effect occurs when all of the cannabinoids and terpenes of a cannabis strain or hemp plant work together. When one naturally-occurring component of hemp or a cannabis strain is removed, the entourage effect cannot occur. In hemp-based products, those that contain a minimal amount of THC are capable of producing the entourage effect. Hemp plants contain 0.3% THC or less.
This is where CBD terms can get tricky because there are three forms of CBD. To make it simple, CBD isolate products are not capable of producing the entourage effect because the THC is removed entirely.
The extraction of oils from a plant results in essential oil. Hemp oil is the essential oil of the hemp plant. Some extracted essential oils, including hemp and CBD oil, undergo refinement and distillation processes to remove unwanted materials such as heavy metals and chlorophyll.
Extraction is the action of obtaining CBD oil from hemp and cannabis plants. Full spectrum extractions are also obtained through this method. There are several types of extraction with supercritical CO2 extraction being the most desirable as it is the cleanest extraction method.
Full spectrum means that all of a plant’s natural cannabinoids and terpenes are present in an extracted oil. In CBD terms, full spectrum hemp extraction leaves the THC and additional terpenes naturally found in the hemp plant intact.
Capsules made of gelatin that are filled with CBD oil are called gel capsules. This is a common method for making CBD capsules. The capsules can also be broken to use just the oil, if desired.
Hemp is a plant in the cannabis family. Think of it as cannabis’ cousin. Its primary cannabinoid is CBD. Hemp has been confused as cannabis (marijuana) for quite some time. Both plants belong to the same plant family, but are quite different.
Hemp oil is the essential oil extracted from the hemp plant. In CBD terms, it’s also often referred to as CBD oil. It is important to check where your CBD oil comes from as it can be made from both the hemp and cannabis plants.
Hemp Seed Oil
Hemp seed oil is the result of pressing hemp seeds. Olive oil and Hemp seed oil are made using similar pressing methods. There are no cannabinoids in hemp seeds. Hemp seeds are, however, very nutritious as they are a good source of protein, fiber and healthy fatty acids.
Homeostasis refers to creating balance in the body. When proper balance is achieved, the body can perform at its best. It is thought that CBD may help promote balance in the body.
Immunomodulators aid in regulating and improving how the immune system responds by inhibiting specific actions. An example of this is antibodies being stimulated to inhibit negative white cell activity in the body.
Some research points to CBD potentially possessing immunomodulation properties.
Inflammation may also be referred to as edema, or swelling. Why is inflammation included in our glossary of CBD terms? The endocannabinoid system plays a role in inflammatory response. It is suggested in research that CBD may be effective in reducing inflammation.
Inhalers are common for those with asthma and other breathing disorders. CBD is available in inhaler form in some medical cannabis markets.
This classification of drugs treats intestinal motility disorders. What this essentially means is that there are abnormal contractions taking place in the intestines (spasms). Sometimes intestinal paralysis can be the result.
There are some indicators from research that endocannabinoid deficiencies could be the reason. It’s thought that CBD may be an option for improving this action in the body.
Marijuana is also known as cannabis. It is not the same as hemp. Marijuana contains higher levels of THC.
MCT oil stands for medium-chain triglyceride oil. This oil is a saturated fatty acid. The most common type of MCT oil is coconut oil. Coconut oil is a common ingredient in CBD products.
The purpose of metabolism in the body is to convert food to energy. When food coverts to energy it helps the body perform specific cellular processes. Those with faster metabolisms often burn food/calories faster.
The endocannabinoid system plays a role in regulating metabolism.
Metabolites are waste products of compounds that have gone through metabolism.
Micro-encapsulation refers to the process of surrounding small particles or droplets with coatings making small capsules. In regards to CBD terms, this is one process used in the creation of some CBD products.
Nano encapsulation is simply a technology used to package nanoparticles of either solids, liquids or gases with another material.
Neuroprotectants are compounds that fix or protect neurons and nerves in the body’s central nervous system. These compounds may work to prevent additional damage or work to repair damage faster.
Several lab studies point to CBD’s potential as having supportive neuroprotective properties.
When damage occurs within the central nervous system, the result is often chronic pain. Neuropathic pain is common in diabetics and those with significant nerve damage.
Neuropathic pain is on the list of qualifying conditions in many medical cannabis-legal states, which gives patients access to CBD.
The responsibility of neurotransmitters is to release a chemical substance at the end of nerve fibers when receiving nerve impulses and transferring the impulse to other nerve fibers and muscle fibers in the body. To put it in simple terms, a chemical message is sent between nerves through neurotransmission.
Non-intoxicating is often associated with CBD terms because the cannabinoid does not alter one’s ability to function. In some text it may also be written as non-psychoactive. No high is produced from CBD.
Non-psychoactive in CBD terms refers to no high or inability to perform normal functions occurring from the use of CBD.
Psychotoxic drugs often lead to psychosis and other conditions such as anxiety, hallucinations and depression. CBD is a non-psychotoxic compound.
Psychotropic drugs result in changes in cognitive ability and behavior. Some may induce feelings of euphoria or a “high”. Psychotropic would be associated with THC and non-psychotropic is associated with CBD.
CBD is non-toxic because it does not cause harm to tissue or organs in the body. It is not considered to be poisonous.
Phytocannabinoids are the cannabinoids produced in plants including hemp and cannabis. CBD is a phytocannabinoid with the ability to mirror cannabinoids that the body produces itself (endocannabinoids).
Sublingual refers to medications placed under the tongue for absorption. CBD oil is taken sublingually.
Terpenes and Terpenoids
Terpenes are what gives cannabis and hemp its flavor and aroma. You can find terpenes in herbs, spices and thousands of other plants/shrubs/trees. It is also widely known that terpenes have accepted therapeutic benefits.
In CBD terms, terpenes may be listed as ingredients on some CBD products. They may seem like a chemical due to their name, but they naturally occur in foods/spices that you likely eat every day. Common terpenes are beta-caryophyllene, limonene, linalool, terpineol and myrcene.
Terpenoids are metabolites of terpenes.
THC is the cannabinoid in cannabis that produces euphoria. This cannabinoid is also present in hemp, but in miniscule concentrations. Higher concentrations of THC are why using cannabis induces a “high”.
Tinctures are liquids that are used sublingually. CBD oil and cannabis oil are both tinctures. Some manufacturers just call tinctures by their simple name – CBD oil, THC oil, hemp oil or cannabis oil.
Topicals are lotions, balms and salves that are applied to the skin. Several CBD topical products are available, which now includes beauty products as well.
Transdermal is the administration of medication via patch. In CBD terms, CBD transdermal patches can be applied to any area of the skin so that the CBD can absorb into the body through the skin.
Vape is the process of using hemp or cannabis oils in liquid form through a vape pen. A special liquid is created, typically with MCT or coconut oils that creates ingestible vapor. CBD vape is a popular way to use CBD.
Vaporizers use dry herbs (such as dry cannabis flower) and heats it at a specific temperature. The vapor can be inhaled via balloon, portable vaporizer or something similar to a hookah. The benefit of using a vaporizer for dry cannabis flower is that the flower can be reused for other applications such as cannabis infusions and teas.
The job of vasorelaxants is to relax the arteries, veins and capillaries in the body. The goal of doing so is to lower the blood pressure. Some scientific evidence presents CBD as a compound with vasorelaxant properties.
We hope that this glossary of CBD terms will help clear up any confusion that you may have regarding what some things mean. It can be confusing for the newcomer. Should you have any additional questions regarding any of these terms, please reach out. We will answer any questions you might have.