General Information

The Lesser Known Plant-Based Terpenes

By July 22, 2019 No Comments
the lesser known plant-based terpenes

We’ve talked plenty about the commonly used terpenes, but what about some of the other beneficial plant-based terpenes. Many of these get no attention at all but have similar benefits and potential applications to common terpenes like myrcene, limonene and alpha pinene.

We recently provided information about a valuable terpene called Guaiol. Terpenes have recognized medicinal and therapeutic benefits. They have a big role in cannabis, hemp, food and medicine.

The Barely Mentioned Plant-Based Terpenes

While you’ve heard of alpha pinene, linalool, limonene, myrcene and beta caryophyllene you probably haven’t heard of the terpenes listed below. It isn’t because they aren’t beneficial. Some of these are just not found in the concentrations that some other plant-based terpenes are which makes them a little harder to work with.

The plant-based terpenes discussed below can also be found in some of your favorite cannabis strains, which we will also list should you wish to experience them in combination with other beneficial terpenes.


Geraniol, as you might have guessed, can be found in geraniums. Geraniums are popular, brightly-colored flowers that are often used in planted flower beds. It’s also found in lemongrass, lemons and tobacco.

Given the sources of this fragrant plant-based terpene, you might also guess that is has a floral flavor and aroma. It also has hints of peaches, plums and rose grass.

You’re more likely to see geraniol used in cosmetics, lotions and fragrant bath products.

Some of its properties include neuroprotectant and anti-oxidant. In 1999, it was discovered by Dr. Jerry Butler, that geraniol seems to also work as an insect repellant.  Dr. Butler found that this member of the plant-based terpenes family kept mosquitos, flies, horn flies, roaches, fire ants, fleas, ticks and other pesky insects at bay.

Cannabis users can find geraniol in these strains:

  • Afghani
  • Amnesia Haze
  • Great White Shark
  • Headband
  • Island Sweet Skunk
  • Master Kush
  • OG Shark

When floral aromatherapy is what you desire, geraniol and essential oil blends containing it is an aroma to seek out.

pink and white geraniums

Geraniol is also considered to be a phytonutrient. Phytonutrients are components of plants that are recognized for their potential in healing.

You can find Geraniol as a phytonutrient in:

  • Blackberries
  • Blueberries
  • Carrot
  • Coriander
  • Lemon
  • Nutmeg
  • Oranges

While the concentration is likely low, it’s still there.


Bisabolol is another one of the lesser known plant-based terpenes that you’ll see used more in cosmetics and other beauty products. It’s mostly found in chamomile. One of the benefits of this terpene is that it has a sweet floral scent that is mild.

Chamomile is known for its calming potential. In terms of skin and body care, chamomile displays moisturizing, anti-irritant and skin healing properties. With bisabolol being from the chamomile plant, it shares these properties.

Bisabolol, other than chamomile, is also found in these few cannabis strains:

  • ACDC (a very high-CBD, very low THC strain)
  • Harle-Tsu, another high-CBD, low-THC strain
  • Pink Kush
  • OG Shark
  • Headband

Some additional properties of bisabolol include:

This is one of the plant-based terpenes that is harder to work with, so it’s not commonly seen in ingestible CBD product preparations.

chamomile flowers


Cineol may also be listed as eucalyptol. From this, you may be able to figure out that its heaviest concentrations are in eucalyptus trees. When talking cannabis and CBD preparations, this is one of the plant-based terpenes that lends a hand to minty flavors and may be used in topicals to promote a cooling sensation upon application.

Not only is it used in the CBD and cannabis industry, it’s also used in medicine and cosmetics. Why is it used in medicine? Eucalyptus has analgesic properties. Cineole also possesses the ability to slow the growth of fungus and bacteria.

Cineole is a common ingredient in these items:

  • Cough drops
  • Candy
  • Minty foods
  • As a flavor aid in some pharmaceuticals
  • Some topical personal care items

Speaking of its medicinal benefit, evidence also shows that cineole may be used as an antiseptic and expectorant. This is one of the reasons it’s used in some medications and cough drops.

eucalyptus branches


Camphene is a plant-based terpene that you’ll find mostly in trees. It works well with myrcene due to its similarities in aroma. It has a slightly musky, earthy aroma. In the CBD industry, camphene is often used in topical preparations. You may also find it in some skincare items, not related to the CBD industry, for the skin conditions eczema and psoriasis.

When you combine camphene with vitamin C, you’re creating a great antioxidant.

Why don’t you find camphene in ingestible CBD products like tinctures? It’s very difficult to dissolve in water. Separations between the terpene and other liquids are likely. Aside from being insoluble in water, it’s generally a difficult terpene to work with across the board except in topical preparations.

Camphene is naturally present in:

So, if you consume any of these food items, you’re able to ingest a little bit of camphene in its natural state.

fennel bulbs

Delta-3 Carene

Delta-3 carene is a great friend of alpha-pinene as both of these plant-based terpenes share a few sources. It’s also found in some of the same sources as terpineol and beta caryophyllene. So, this means that even if delta-3 carene isn’t listed, but one of the aforementioned terpenes is sourced from the same plant, you’re ingesting a little of this lesser-known terpene.

Delta-3 carene is naturally present in:

  • Basil
  • Bell peppers
  • Cedar
  • Rosemary
  • Pine

Despite where it is found naturally, it actually has a sweet aroma with a little bit of lemon in the background. Some compare the aroma to that of a cypress tree.

It’s recognized medicinal applications include:

  • Arthritis
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Memory retention
  • Cognitive sharpness
  • Osteoporosis

This plant-based terpene has been involved in several studies between 1989 and 2007 to determine its medicinal/therapeutic applications.

Sometimes you might see delta-3 carene simply listed as carene.

green and red bell peppers on the plantClosing Thoughts

These plant-based terpenes might not be used much by themselves, but if a terpene is sourced from the same natural source that include some of the primary terpenes, you’ll get a little of these too. You might wonder why we’d mention lesser-known plant-based terpenes. It’s important to know that some natural plants contain more than one terpene and every terpene in existence has a purpose.

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