Did you know that there are multiple strains of hemp? With the hemp industry taking off across the U.S., more hemp strains are bound to be created. You may have seen retailers selling CBD flower or even hemp flower and you might wonder how this is possible. We’ll discuss that too.
In this simple guide, you’ll learn a little bit about some of the most popular hemp strains cultivated by U.S. hemp farmers.
Cultivating Quality Hemp Strains
Cultivating quality hemp strains begins with the seed. Choosing a seed supplier is very important. Since the hemp industry is growing at an almost overwhelming pace since it is now classified as an agricultural crop, more seed suppliers are entering the market. Cultivating high-quality hemp strains is important; especially when the intention of the plant is for extraction purposes to create hemp CBD extract products.
If you are considering entering the hemp farming industry, it’s important to research your seed supplier. What you want to look for is a seed supplier with a long history in the industry and a track record of supplying productive seeds. You also want to look for a seed supplier that has recommendations from top hemp farmers. Results of seeds performing to grow large crops that have high CBD concentrations as well as the presence of other cannabinoids and terpenes.
Consistency and availability of a specific hemp strain for quite a few years is ideal. This can show a hemp farmer that the seeds a company is offering do produce, have produced consistently for years, have ample yields and has consistent cannabinoid and terpene concentrations.
Receive Education before Buying Seeds
When you are working to cultivate quality hemp strains, the seed supplier should be able to educate you about that specific strain. What this means is, they should be able to tell you the strain’s lineage all the way down to how the strain was bred. The seed supplier should also know what the germination rate for that hemp strain is.
Germination rates can vary. Issues with germination can also occur if the soil is too wet. Additionally, germination issues can occur in “diseased soil”. Diseased soil refers to soil that was contaminated by a crop that experienced a pest infestation, mold issue or other issue that led to a crop failure.
It’s important to know what the success rate of the breeder is. You don’t want to purchase hemp seeds from a breeder or supplier with low success rates as that could cause a financial loss and crop failure.
Ask the supplier or the breeders themselves if possible, what the genetic stability of the different hemp strains you’re interested in are. Good genetics are important when you’re looking for a hemp strain that is sustainable and consistent year after year.
Are there test fields to view at the seed supplier? Does the breeder have test or sample fields you can view? This is all part of making sure you are educated about the hemp strains you’re interested in. You want to physically see how the specific strain grows with your own eyes. Photos aren’t necessarily ideal in this situation because you only get certain views. It’s ideal to walk into the crop, when possible, to see that all of the plants are thriving, are healthy and are strong.
Another piece of information that is important to gather is – will this seed grow well in your climate and growing conditions?
The Top Hemp Strains
Now we’re going to get into some of the top hemp strains. It isn’t common knowledge that there is more than one strain of hemp. The hemp strains mentioned here are becoming more popular with hemp farmers across the U.S.
Fun Fact: Some cannabis strains are being classified as hemp because they contain such high concentrations of CBD (some being over 15%) and have been tested at 0.3% THC or less. It’s important to ask if the CBD flower you’re seeing is an actual hemp strain or if it’s just a high-CBD cannabis strain.
Lifter is one of the more desirable hemp strains due to its consistency of yield. The flowers, when the hemp is properly grown, should be dense. This particular strain is also known to contain several terpenes and 15% CBD on average.
When Lifter is growing, it should be bushy and should look thick to the naked eye.
Charlotte’s Web is one of the better known strains of hemp that is often touted for its medicinal uses. It was named after Charlotte Figi, a young lady that was diagnosed with the rare and hard to treat Dravet syndrome.
The strain was developed in Colorado by the Stanley brothers.
Charlotte’s Web has an impressive CBD to THC ratio of 30:1.
This is not the original name for this strain. It was originally called Hippie’s Disappointment, but seeing the results it had for Charlotte, the team decided to rename it.
Berry Blossom is quickly becoming one of the favorite hemp strains. Its flavor is described as sweet, like berries with hints of floral mixed in. One of the things that makes this strain so attractive to hemp farmers is the large flowers it produces. They are said to be some of the largest flowers among hemp strains.
Hemp farmers also like Berry Blossom because it consistently contains between 8% and 15% CBD and typically has less than 0.3% THC. It is the result of crossbreeding Chardonnay and Cherry Kandahar.
If the name doesn’t grab your attention, perhaps the knowledge that this is one of the most potent CBD hemp strains in existence. It consistently tests at 16% CBD or higher. Elektra came to be by crossbreeding ACDC and Early Resin Berry. Some batches of ACDC cannabis flower has tested above 20% CBD.
This hemp strain is also highly sought after due to its higher concentrations of myrcene. Myrcene is a terpene that is recognized for its analgesic, anti-inflammatory and sedative properties.
The hemp strains featured here are just a small sample of some of the more popular options available today. Each strain has its merits and may even come with methods of cultivation that are unique to that strain. As more hemp is cultivated in the U.S., consumers could begin to see strain-specific hemp CBD products coming to market in the future.